In view of the many problems of liquid electrolytic capacitance, the solid aluminum electrolytic capacitor has emerged as the times require. Since the 1990s, solid conducting polymer material has been used as cathode instead of electrolyte for aluminum electrolytic capacitor, which has achieved great development. The conductivity of conductive polymer materials is usually 2 ~ 3 orders of magnitude higher than that of electrolytes.
The application of aluminum electrolytic capacitors can greatly reduce the ESR and improve the features of temperature frequency, what’s more, because of the good processability of polymer materials, it is easy to be packaged. All greatly promote the development of aluminum electrolytic capacitance.
On the market, there are two types of aluminum electrolytic capacitors: organic semiconductor aluminum electrolytic capacitors (OS-CON) and polymer conductor aluminum electrolytic capacitors (PC-AC) (PC-CON).
The structure of an organic semiconductor aluminum electrolytic capacitor is similar to that of a liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitor; both are packaged in straight-pin and vertical configurations.
The difference is the cathode material of solid aluminum polymer electrolytic capacitor using the organic semiconductor extract, which can effectively solve the tough problems of electrolyte evaporation, leakage, flammability, and so on. Also, a solid aluminum polymer patch capacitor is a unique structure formed by combining the characteristics of aluminum electrolytic capacitance and tantalum capacitance.
Like liquid aluminum electrolytic capacitors, solid aluminum polymers are mostly in the form of patches. The film of polymer electrode with high conductivity is deposited on alumina as cathode, carbon, and silver as an extraction electrode, which is similar to the structure of solid tantalum electrolytic capacitance.